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PU HSIN-YU (PU RU)溥心畬 (溥儒)
BEIJING, CHINA1896-1963
Pu Hsin-Yu was born in the royal imperial Manchu family in Beijing in 1896 and he was popularly known as the “Three Masters Accross the Straits” with Chang Dai-Chien and Huang Jun-Bi.  Although Pu Hsin-Yu was both educated at Peking University and Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, he abandoned the pressing Western culture and constantly advocated traditional Chinese philosophy.  As a descendant of the Qing dynasty royalty, he delved into the arts since childhood and produced otherworldly forms of verse and calligraphy.  He received a privately tutored classical education that included training in Chinese painting and calligraphy and he excelled at both.  He learned by copying ancient Chinese masterpieces in the royal collection and his paintings are based on the literati landscape tradition of the late Ming but he also studied the work of the Song landscape masters.
Considered as the most accomplished master for the comprehensive Chinese art, his works were highly honored by the Chinese people.  He was also famed for his natural scenes description, such as the pines, the brush and ink naturally emit a strong sense of vigor throughout, making this an outstanding example of his paintings.  He expressed the royal magnanimity through the elegant landscapes, bird-and-flower, and figure paintings which disclosed his lofty inner being.
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